Papers and books

Papers and books

The theory and practice of CMM has developed over a number of decades: from the very early referenced work in the 1970s to the present. And it will develop further as we continue show that CMM really can help us understand, engage in, and change our social worlds for the better.

Below is a collection of the more recent books and publications, with a specific focus on the period from 2000 to the present. Where we’ve been able we’ve included links to the actual article or to where you can purchase the book.

CMM overview: the evolving collection

CMM understands the world to be polysemic, in a state of continuous creation, unfinished and reflexively mutable. If this is the state of the world, then we should not expect a good theory to be either precise or static. Instead of trying to represent such a world, CMM is a practical theory, designed to help us engage and participate wisely in such a world. As Vern Cronen suggested, CMM evolves, and does so by becoming richer through involvement in use, not by the addition of additional theorems and findings. For a discussion, see Cronen, V. E. (2001) Practical theory, practical art, and the pragmatic-systemic account of inquiry. Communication Theory, 11, 14-35 (Pearce, 2007)

In 2004, Kevin Barge and Barnett Pearce published “A reconnaissance of CMM research” and identified over a 100 published works falling under the rubric of the Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM). From their reconnaissance, they found that there was more of it, as well as a greater variety than they expected, from which they concluded “it gives sufficient empirical basis for confidence that CMM’s concepts and models are viable ways of engaging our social worlds. (p. 26). They also concluded that there was great deal of “unrealized potential due to missed opportunities, under-reported research, and prematurely abandoned research programs” (p.26).

Our current review of CMM work is intended to cover the period following Barge & Pearce’s review and to cover what they identified as “unrealized potential” by including unreported research along with other scholarly works that fall outside of the conventional ambit of “research”. To this end we have included, where we can, such unpublished work as masters and doctoral theses, reports of practical applications, and CMM extensions into hitherto unknown arenas.

Kevin Barge & Barnett Pearce (2004) also observed that the work falling under the rubric of CMM had changed dramatically over the years. CMM was first introduced as an interpersonal rules-based communication theory (Pearce, 1976) and was presented in its most elaborated form in Barnett Pearce & Vernon Cronen’s Communication Action and Meaning (1980). Since then it has evolved in terms of areas of application—from interpersonal to therapeutic, from organizational to civic governance, and from conflict management to media use, among other areas. The models and heuristics used have also evolved and expanded—from meaning and rules-based models to a complex mix of story models, levels of awareness, new metaphors and ideas from interpersonal neurobiology. And the practical-moral “driver” has evolved in parallel—from accounting for the dynamics of interpersonal systems to advocating ways of bringing about personal and social evolution.

As our introductory quote highlights, the evolution of CMM is to be both expected and encouraged. It is expected because of the very nature of the world-view on which CMM operates—a world-view that is premised on the open-ended nature of the social world and on the capacity of us in that social world to reflect upon it and change it. The evolution of CMM is also to be encouraged because with each evolutionary turn we are enriching our understanding of what is possible and what we can do to make our social worlds better.

This evolution, however, presents us with an interesting challenge: if CMM has evolved as we describe it, what now constitutes CMM scholarly work? What distinguishes CMM work from other theories, practical or otherwise? What is it that makes us say ‘that is CMM’ and ‘that is not’?”

Bearing in mind that CMM is in constant evolution, we have proposed the following core elements as indicative of a CMM approach:

  • A basic belief: that we construct our social worlds in communicating
  • A way of looking: at the joint actions of people in relationship
  • Locus of meaning: in the joint action, where meaning is always unfinished
  • Preferred communication patterns/forms: dialogic and cosmopolitan
  • Moral driver: to bring about more productive ways for making better social worlds
  • A set of heuristics compatible with the above, including the LUUUUUUTT, Daisy and Hierarchy of Meaning models.

 

All of these features constitute what we could call a CMM world-view or way of understanding social life. However, no one paper covers all facets and, indeed, many only explicitly focus on one. Yet, together, you can see the common threads that hold this collection together in what could be called the current CMM constellation.

CMM theory (general)

Barge, K. (2014). Communication competence and systemic practice. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 137-159). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Barge, K. (2004). Articulating CMM as a practical theory. Human systems, 15, 193-204. http://www.dialogicod.net/academic_papers/Barge_2004.pdf

Barge, K. & Pearce, (W. B. 2004). A reconnaissance of CMM research. Human systems, 1, 13-32. http://www.pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/84954_BargeandPearce.pdf

Chen, V. (2004). The possibility of critical dialogue in the theory of CMM. Human Systems, 15, 179-192. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Chen.pdf

Creede, C. Fisher-Yoshida, B. & Gallegos, P (Eds.) (2012). The reflective, facilitative, and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Cronen, V. (2017). We communicate, therefore I think, in R. Summers (Ed.), Social psychology: How other people influence our thoughts and actions. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/CMM-and-Social-Psych.pdf

Cronen, V. (2014). CMM, argumentation, and moral force. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 51-75). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Cronen, V. (2009). Social construction without dualism: Repairing the ruptures and making connections. In G. Galanes & W. Leeds-Hurwitz (Eds.) Socially Constructing Communication. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, pp. 37-95. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Cronen-Social-Construction-Without-Dualism-2009.pdf

Cronen, V. Lang, P. & Lang. S. (2009). Circular questions and Coordinated Management of Meaning Theory. Human Systems, 20 (1), 7-34. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Consummatory-Moments.pdf

Cronen, V. & Chetro-Szivos, J. (2001). Pragmatism as a way of inquiring with special reference to a theory of communication and the general form of pragmatic social theory. In D. Perry (Ed.), American pragmatism and communication research (pp. 27-65). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/CMM-and-Pragmatism.pdf

Cronen, V. & Chetro-Szivos, J. (2002). Consummatory moments and moral order in organisational  life. In T. Meisner (Ed.), A symphony of appreciation. Odense, Denmark: Danish Psychology Press. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Consummatory-Moments.pdf

Griffin, E. (2014). Coordinated management of meaning (CMM). In E. Griffin, A. Ledbetter & G. Sparks. A first look at communication theory. McGraw-Hill. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39_A-First-Look-at-Communication-Theory-Coordinated-Management-of-Meaning-CMM.pdf

Holmgren, A. (2004) Saying, doing and making: Teaching CMM theory. Human Systems, 15, 89-100. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Holmgren.pdf

Jensen, A. & Penman, R.  (2018). CMM: A brief overview. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/65_CMM-BriefOverview.2018.pdf

Kearney, J. (2004). “Making up” a Masters programme: CMM and the co-construction of the teaching and learning processes in time and space. Human Systems, 15, 61-76. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Kearney.pdf

Littlejohn, S. & McNamee, S. (Eds.). (2014) The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Littlejohn, S. & Foss, K. (2009). Coordinated Management of Meaning. In S.W. Littlejohn & K. A. Foss (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Communication Theory, vol. 1. (pp. 200-203). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Murray, D. (2012). Interactional logics: Moving CMM forward by looking back. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative, and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp.153-171). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Oliver, C. (2013). Coordinating logics of meaning and action: Developing a vocabulary of the (Un)consciousness. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 271-289). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Oliver, C. (2004). Reflexive inquiry and the strange loop tool. Human Systems, 15, 127-140. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Oliver.pdf

Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2014). Communication complex. In T.L. Thompson & G. Golson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of health communication. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Pearce, K. (2004). Reconceptualising teaching: Using CMM to change rules and relationships in classrooms. Human Systems, 15, 77-88. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Pearce.pdf

Pearce, W. B. (2014). At home in the universe with miracles and horizons: Reflections on personal and social evolution. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 1-47). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Pearce, W.B. (2012). Evolution and transformation: A brief history of CMM and a meditation on what using it does to us. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative, and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp.1-21). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Pearce, W. B. (2009). Communication and social construction: Claiming our birthright. In W. Leeds-Hurwitz & G. Galanes (Eds). Socially Constructing Communication (pp. 33-56). Cresskill, N. J.: Hampton Press. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/20_Pearce-COMMUNICATION-AND-SOCIAL-CONSTRUCTION-Claiming-our-Birthright.pdf

Pearce, W. B. (2007). Making social worlds: A communication perspective. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Pearce, W. B. (2004). The coordinated management of meaning. In W. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing about intercultural communication (pp. 35-54). Sage Publications. Available at  https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/16_The-Coordinated-Management-of-Meaning-chapter-2-2004.pdf

Pearce, W. B. (2003). Civic maturity: Musings about a metaphor. Revised version of a paper presented to the Action Research Symposium, Fielding Graduate Institute, July, 2001. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/15_Civic-Maturity-2003.pdf

Pearce, W. B. (2002). A brief introduction to the Coordinated Management of Meaning. Unpublished paper, San Mateo, CA. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/13_A-Brief-Introdution-to-CMM-2002.pdf

Pearce, W. B. (2002). Systems: Schools of thought and traditions of practice. Unpublished paper. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/12_Systems_-Schools-of-Thought-and-Traditions-of-Practice.pdf

Pearce, K. (2014). On the significance of ‘The Seventh Miracle’ for personal and social evolution. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 313-330). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Pearce, K. (2007). CMM and the evolution of social consciousness. Unpublished manuscript. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/17_CMM-and-the-Evolution-of-Social-Consciousness-2007.pdf

Penman, R. (2014). On being present and participating: Projecting into 21st century media life. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 95-116). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Penman, R. (2014). Coordinated management of meaning. Key concepts in Intercultural dialogue, No. 4 https://centerforinterculturaldialogue.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/key-concept-cmm.pdf 

Shotter, J. & Ravello, C. (2014). Social worlds in their making: Systemic thinking from within CMM. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 117-136). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Wasserman, I. & Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2017). Communicating possibilities: A brief introduction to the Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM). Chagrin Falls, OH: A Taos Institute Publication. Available at: https://www.taosinstitute.net/communicating-possibilities

Communication perspective

Chetro-Szivos, J. (2014). Getting hold of the difficulty deep down: Teaching from the communication perspective. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 237-251). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2009). Coaching to transform perspectives. In J. Mezirow & E. Taylor (Eds.), Transformative learning in practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2009). Transformative learning in participative processes that reframe self-identity. In B. Fisher-Yoshida, K. Geller & S. Shapiro (Eds.), Innovations in transformative learning: Space, culture and the arts. Counterpoint series. New York: Peter Lang.

Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2014). Communication complex. In T.L. Thompson & G. Golson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of health communication. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Parrish-Sprowl, J. & Parish-Sprowl, S, (2014). Communication complex: An applied elaboration of the communication perspective. Paper presented at the CMMI Learning Exchange, Oracle, AZ. Available at  https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/50_COMMUNICATION-COMPLEX_AN-APPLIED-ELABORATION-OF-THE-COMMUNICATION-PERSPECTIVE.pdf

Penman, R. (2012). On taking communication seriously. Australian Journal of Communication, 39(3),41-64. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/On-taking-communication-seriously.Penman.pdf

Penman, R & Turnbull, S. (2012). From listening…into the dialogical realities of participatory democracy. Continuum 26(1), 61-72.

Penman, R. (2008). Making a place for the practice of dissenting. In S. Banks (Ed.), Dissent and the failure of leadership. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Dissent-Chapter-13-Penman.pdf

Penman, R. (2000). Reconstructing communicating: Looking to a future. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. https://www.amazon.com/Reconstructing-Communicating-Looking-Routledge-Communication-ebook/dp/B001OMWIP8

Van Middendorp, S. (2014). Improvising with metaphors in the design process of a new media system: A communication perspective. Presented at the 3rd annual CMM Learning Exchange, Oracle, AZ: CMM Institute for Personal and Social Evolution. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2121.7284

Compassion and interpersonal relationships

Creed, C. (2014). Elevating generative identity stories as a practice of compassion: Enacting the seventh miracle. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 77-93). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. & Yoshida, R. (2016). Transformative learning and its relevance to coaching. In S. Grief et al (Eds.), Handbook of key concepts for coaching. Berlin, Germany: Springer.

Montgomery, E. (2004). “Tortured families: A Coordinated Management of Meaning analysis.” Family Process, 43, 349-371.

Murray, D. S. (2014). Navigating toward andragogy: Coordination and management of student-professor conversations. Western Journal of Communication, 78 (3), 310-336.

Pearce, K. (2012). Compassionate communicating: poetry, prose & practices. Oracle, AZ: CMM Institute for Personal and Social Evolution. https://www.amazon.com/Compassionate-Communicating-Poetry-Prose-Practices/dp/1300318333

Stewart, J. (2013). U & Me: Communicating in moments that matter. Chagrin Falls, OH:  The Taos Institute Publications. Available at: https://www.taosinstitute.net/ume

Swords, N., Orbe, M., Cooke-Jackson, A. & Johnson, A. (2013). The Coordinated Management of Meaning of sex: The social construction of male college student logical forces. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24, 2013.

Conflict management

Cronen, V. (2014). CMM, argumentation, and moral force. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 51-75). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2012). Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM) as reflective practice. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida, & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 219-239). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2013). Transforming intercultural conflict through the context of relationship. In S. Ting-Toomey and J. Oetzel (Eds.), The handbook of conflict communication, 2nd edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2012). Transforming communication for peace. In P.T. Coleman and M. Deutsch (Eds.), The psychological components of a sustainable peace. New York: Springer.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. & Wasserman, I. (2006). Moral conflict and engaging alternative perspectives. In M. Deutsch, P. T. Coleman, & E. Marcus (Eds.), The handbook of conflict resolution: Theory and practice, 2nd edition. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2005). Reframing conflict: Intercultural conflict as potential transformation. The journal of intercultural communication. Vol. 8, June 2005.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2003). Self-awareness and the co-construction of conflict. Human systems: The journal of systemic consultation and management. Vol. 14, Issue 4, 2003.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2000). Altering awareness of self, other and context in conflict resolution: Impact, feedback and reflection. Dissertation Abstracts International, 61/03, 1694B, (UMI No. 9966201).

Littlejohn, S. (2014). Moral conflict, communication, and the management of difference. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 183-198). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Littlejohn, S. & Domenici, K. (2013). Communication, conflict and the management of difference. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.

Littlejohn, S. & Cole, K. (2013). Moral conflict. In J. Oetzel & S. Ting-Toomey (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Conflict Communication, 2nd ed, (pp. 585-608). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Loh, K. (2016). CMM and mediation: Tools towards sustainable peace. Paper presented at the CMMI Learning Exchange, Oracle, AZ. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/62_CMM-Mediation_Tools-Toward-Sustainable-Peace.pdf

Peleg-Barker, T. (2104). Improving mediators’ decision-making by becoming conscious of the unconscious cognitive considerations for reflection to attain social-psychological goals. Unpublished manuscript available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/48_Improving-Mediators-Decision-Making-by-Becoming-Conscious-of-the-Unconscious.pdf

Peleg-Barker, T. (2104). Shedding light on mediators’ decision-making: The conscious & unconscious mental processing determining experts’ automatic intuitive decisions. Unpublished manuscript available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/46_Shedding-Light-on-Mediators%E2%80%99-Decision-Making.pdf

Peleg-Barker, T. (2104). Leading sustainable relationships: A framework of three fundamental conditions for transforming conflicts to opportunities. Paper presented at Conflict Studies and Global Governance Conference, October University of Massachusetts, Boston. Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/44_Leading-Sustainable-Relationships.pdf

Putnam, L. (2014). Applying and extending principles of CMM to framing and conflict transformation. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 199-215). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

CosmoKidz

Pearce, K. (2014) Reflections of CosmoKidz in kindergarten through second grade classes at Mountain Vista School in Oracle, Arizona. Report to the Kettering Foundation. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Research-on-the-effectiveness-of-CosmoKidz.pdf

Pearce, K. (2015). Summary of the use of CosmoKidz in kindergarten through second grade classes Oracle, Arizona, Academic Year 2014-2015. Report to the Kettering Foundation. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/2015-Final-Report-CosmoKidz.pdf

Pearce, K. (2016) The use of CosmoKidz in K-2 Classes in Oracle, Arizona to help children develop the social skills needed for effective citizenship. Final Report to the Kettering Foundation. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Kettering-final-report-June-2016.pdf

Pearce, K. (2018). Teaching communicating skills for civic and democratic health and vibrancy: Summary of year #1 of CosmoKidz in k-2 classes in Hammond and Tickfaw, Louisiana. Report to Kettering Foundation. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Final-Report-Kettering-Foundation.pdf

Pearce, K. & Haavimb, M. E. (2018). CosmoKidz: Teaching children response-abilities in their relationships. Context, the magazine for family therapy and systemic practice in the UK, 156, AFT. https://cmminstitute.org/2019/02/19/cosmokidz-teaching-children-response-abilities-in-their-relationships/

Cosmopolitan communication

Jensen, A. (in press) A cosmopolitan future: Enacting mystery and cosmopolitan communication to meet the 21st century head on.

Penman, R. & Jensen, A. (in press). Making better social worlds: Where communicating matters.

Penman, R. & Jensen, A. (n.d.) The evolving world of Cosmopolis. https://cosmopolis2045.com/

Rossman, L. (2004). Remembering the Alamo: Cosmopolitan communication and grammars of transcendence. Human Systems, 15, 33-44. Retrieved from http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Rossman.pdf

Steen, S., Mackenzie. L. & Buechner, B. (2018). Incorporating cosmopolitan communication into diverse teaching and training contexts. In J.D. Wallace & D. Becker (Eds.), The handbook of communication training: A best practices framework for assessing and developing competence. New York: Routledge.

Van Middendorp, S. (2012). Acting wisely into a cosmopolitan world: Improvising with metaphors in Cosmopolis 2045’s in-groove jazzclub. Presented at the SIETAR Forum 2012+38: Global Integral Competence and Cosmopolitan Communication, Berlin. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.1734.2406

Dialogue

Adams, C., Berquist, C. Dillon, R. & Galanes, G. (2004). CMM and public dialogue: Practical theory in a community-wide communication project. Human systems, 15, 115-126. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_MissouriUni.pdf

Blong, L. (2012). Facilitating episode work. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 47-63). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Chen, V. (2014). Transforming power through systemic questioning in dialogue: A perspective from the Theory of the Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM). In S. Littlejohn and S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 163-181). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Chen, V. (2013). Using CMM and systemic questioning in public dialogue. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Chetro-Szivos, J. & Gray, P. (2004). Creating conversational spaces on campus: Connecting students & faculty through appreciative inquiry and circular questioning, Journal of Student Centered Learning, 2(1), 35-42.

Deetz, S. (2013). Power and the possibility of generative community dialogue. In S. Littlejohn and S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 217-234). Madison: NJ. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2014). Creating constructive communication through dialogue. In P. T. Coleman, M. Deutsch & E. Marcus (Eds.) Handbook of conflict resolution: Theory and practice, 3rd edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Foley, P. (2013). Stories lived and stories told of rights, roles and diversity: Using the CMM LUUUUTT model to design campus-wide dialogues. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Pearce, K. (2011). Public engagement and civic maturity:  A Public Dialogue Consortium perspective. Lulu Press. https://www.amazon.com/Public-Engagement-Civic-Maturity-Perspective/dp/055766053X/

Pearce, W. B. & Pearce, K. (2003). Taking a communication perspective on dialogue. In R. Anderson, L. A. Baxter, & K. N. Cissna (Eds.), Dialogue: Theorizing difference in communication studies (pp. 39-56). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Pearce, W. B. & Pearce, K. (2000). Combining passions and abilities: Toward dialogic virtuosity. Southern Communication Journal, 65, 161-175.  Available at https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/11_Combining-Passion-and-Abilities_-Towards-Dialogic-Virtuosity.pdf

Penman, R. (2014). Public dialogue. Key Concepts in Intercultural Dialogue, No 8.  https://centerforinterculturaldialogue.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/key-concept-public-dialogue.pdf

Penman, R. (2014). Dialogic civility. Key Concepts in Intercultural Dialogue, No. 29. https://centerforinterculturaldialogue.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/key-concept-dialogic-civility.pdf

Penman, R. (2014). Dialogic listening. Key Concepts in Intercultural Dialogue, No. 37. https://centerforinterculturaldialogue.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/key-concept-public-dialogue.pdf

Penman, R & Turnbull, S. (2012). From listening…into the dialogical realities of participatory democracy. Continuum, 26(1), 61-72.

Penman, R. (2009). Toward satisfying dialogue. In K. Gergen, S. Schrader & M. Gergen (Eds.), Constructing worlds together: Interpersonal communication as relational process (pp.100-103). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Spano, S. (2001). Public dialogue and participatory democracy: The Cupertino community project. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Embodiment

Peterson, M. J. (2012). CMM and the case of the missing body. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 241-258). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Van Middendorp, S. (2017). Embodying metaphors in systems: Explorations in the philosophy of improvisation, design, and communication. Delft, The Netherlands: Eburon Academic Publishers.  https://www.amazon.com/Embodying-Metaphors-Systems-improvisation-communication/dp/9463011293/

Van Middendorp, S. (2016). Embodying metaphors in systems (Doctoral dissertation). Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA. Retrieved from https://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/1865903276.html

Healthcare

Barnett, N. (2014). The process of diagnosis delivery of autism spectrum disorders. PhD thesis, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/32_THE-PROCESS-OF-DIAGNOSIS-DELIVERY-OF-AUTISM-SPECTRUM-DISORDERS.pdf

Forsyth, L. (2012). CMM and healthcare qualitative simulation research: Developing the team’s voice. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 95-106). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Forsythe, L. (2009). Action research, simulation, team communication, and bringing the tacit into voice. Society for Simulation in Healthcare, 4 (3), 143-148.

Leppington, R. (2013). Connecting CMM with energy psychology: Joining two paradigms towards healing. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2013). Communication complex: Achieving improved public health through greater coordination and collaboration. A world united against infectious diseases: Cross-Sectoral Solutions: Proceedings of the Prince Mahidol Awards Conference. Bangkok, Thailand 263-266

Tenzek, K. Cramer, E. & Allen, M. (2013). Spirituality and Coordinated Management of Meaning: Examining the chaplain’s role in social construction of a ‘Good Death’. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Interpersonal neurobiology

Chetro-Szivos , J. (2013). Circular questioning and interpersonal neurobiology. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Jensen, A. (2013). Communicating empathically: CMM and the deeply social brain. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2013). Risk communication from a communication complex perspective. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Parrish-Sprowl, S. (2013). Locating mental health: Implications of our evolving understanding of the social nature of the brain. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Media

Cronen, V. (2004). Something old, something new: CMM and mass communication, Human Systems: The Journal of Systemic Consultation & Management, 15(3), pp. 167-178. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/SomethingOldSomethngNew.Cronen.pdf

Meyers, C. (2014(). Social media doesn’t have to be isolating: Using CMM Theory and social video to make meaning between parents and teenagers. Fellow’s paper presented at the CMMI learning Exchange, October, Oracle, AZ. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/28_Final-Paper_-Social-Media-Doesn%E2%80%99t-Have-to-Be-Isolating_Using-CMM-Theory-and-Social-Video-to-Make-Meaning-between-Parents-and-Teenagers.pdf

Penman, R. (2014). On being present and participating: Projecting into 21st century media life. In S. Littlejohn and S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 95-116). Madison, NJ: Farleigh Dickson University Press.

Penman, R & Turnbull, S. (2012). From listening…into the dialogical realities of participatory democracy. Continuum 26(1), 61-72.

Vinhateiro, C. & Cronen, V. (2016). Integrated marketing, communication and social media. In J. Pursuit and C. McDowell Marinchak (Eds.), Integrated marketing communication: Creating spaces for engagement (pp. 87-110). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Integrated-Marketing-Communication.pdf

Metaphor, improvisation, jazz and communication

Lannamann, J. (2014). Mixing metaphors and metamorphosis: CMM and the discourse of making better social worlds. In S. Littlejohn & S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A Festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 253-270). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Van Middendorp, S. (2017). Embodying metaphors in systems: Explorations in the philosophy of improvisation, design, and communication. Delft, The Netherlands: Eburon Academic Publishers. https://www.amazon.com/Embodying-Metaphors-Systems-improvisation-communication/dp/9463011293

Van Middendorp, S. (2016). Embodying metaphors in systems (Doctoral dissertation). Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA. Retrieved from https://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/1865903276.html?FMT=ABS

Van Middendorp, S. (2014). Improvising with metaphors in the design process of a new media system: A communication perspective. Presented at the 3rd annual CMM Learning Exchange, Oracle, AZ: CMM Institute for Personal and Social Evolution. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2121.7284

Van Middendorp, S. (2012). Acting wisely into a cosmopolitan world: Improvising with metaphors in Cosmopolis 2045’s in-groove jazzclub. Presented at the SIETAR Forum 2012+38: Global Integral Competence and Cosmopolitan Communication, Berlin. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.1734.2406

Methodologies

Fisher, J. & Fisher-Yoshida, B. (2017). Educating educators: Using theory, practice, case studies, and simulations in an integrated learning experience. Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, (NCMR), Vol. 10, Issue 4, November 2017.

Rascon, N. & Littlejohn, S. (2017). Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM): A research manual. Chagrin Falls, OH: The Taos Institute Publications. https://www.taosinstitute.net/book-cmm-research-manual

Wasserman, I. (2018). Participants as collaborators: coordinated management of meaning (CMM) as collaborative research method. In L. Booysen, R. Bendl & J. Pringle (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in diversity management, equality and inclusion at work (pp. 247-269). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Mindfulness and spiritual practice

Fuks, S. (2004). “Craftsmanship of contexts: An as yet unfinished story of my connection with CMM. Human Systems, 15, 101-114. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Fuks.pdf

Hutcheson, J. (2012). Achieving a transcendent episode: A CMM analysis of a theological task force in the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 111-122). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Nagata, A. L. (2012). Body mindfulness in coordinating the management of meaning across cultures. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 259-275). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Pearce, K. (2012). Living into very bad news: The use of CMM as spiritual practice. in In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 277-293). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Moral injury, veterans' reintegration to society

Beuchner, B. (2014). Contextual mentoring of student veterans:  A communication perspective. PhD Dissertation, Fielding Graduate University.

Buechner, B., Van Middendorp, S. & Spann, R. (2018).  Moral injury on the front lines of truth: Encounters with liminal experience and the transformation of meaning.” Schutzian Research, 10, 51–84. https://cmminstitute.org/2018/12/11/moral-injury-on-the-front-lines-of-truth/

Organizations

Boucher, R. H. (2014). Creative breakthrough emergence: A conversational accomplishment. Ph D thesis, Fielding Graduate University. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/43_Creative-Breakthrough-Emergence_A-Conversational-Accomplishment.pdf

Cronen, V. & Chetro-Szivos, J. (2002). Consummatory moments and moral order in organisational life. In T. Meisner (Ed.) A symphony of appreciation. Odense, Denmark: Danish Psychology Press. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Consummatory-Moments.pdf

Hedman, E. & Gesch-Karamanlidis, E. (2014). Facilitating conversations that matter using Coordinated Management of Meaning Theory. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/34_Facilitating-Conversations-That-Matter-Using-Coordinated-Management-of-Meaning-Theory.pdf

Jakobi, E. (2014). Let us tell a story anew: Aspects of continuity, discontinuity and life-giving in organizational narratives of self. AC4 Fellow’s paper presented at CMMI Learning Exchange, October, Oracle, AZ. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40_Change-of-Narratives-Narratives-of-Change-Aspects-of-Continuity….pdf

Jakobi, E. (2014). Maintenance and Transformation of Problematic Organizational Meta-Narratives of Identity. Unpublished manuscript. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/42_Continuity-and-Discontinuity-in-Organizational-Narratives-of-Identity.pdf

Marrs, P. (2012). Taming the lizard: Transforming conversations-gone-bad at work. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 77-93). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Parker, P. Hall, D.T., Kram, K. & Wasserman, I. (2018). Peer coaching at work: Principles and practices. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

Parker, P., Wasserman, I., Kram, K. &. Hall, D.T. (2015). A relational communication approach to peer coaching, The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, pp. 1-22.

Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2012). Organizational performance: Moving from communication simple to communication complex. Organizational Consulting. (2) 38. P. 18-20.

Rossmann, L. (2013). Transcending gangs: Latinas story their experience. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Stein, I. (2012). Levels of context in professional coach-client communication. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 65-75). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Sostrin, J. (2013). Re-making communication at work. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sostrin, J. (2013). Beyond the job description: How managers and employees can navigate the true demands of the job . Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wasserman, I. (2014). Strengthening interpersonal awareness and fostering relational eloquence. In B. Ferdman and B. Deane, (Eds.), Diversity at work: The practice of inclusion. New York: Wiley and Sons.

Wasserman, I. (2012). CMM: A reflective tool for engaging diversity and adversity. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 197-217). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Wasserman, I. & Gallegos, P.V. (2009). Engaging diversity: Disorienting dilemmas that transform relationships. In B. Fisher-Yoshida, K. Schapiro & S. Geller (Eds.), Innovations in transformative learning. Peter Lang Publishers.

Social issues

Aho, A. (2013).  The Coordinated Management of Meaning: Exploring the meaning of fandom among Boston Celtics fans, Master Thesis, Fitchburg State University.

Bentley, K. (2012). From the ground up: How a grassroots group’s management of meaning is feeding people, fostering sustainable agriculture, and cultivating community. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 139-151). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Creede, C. (2012) Using circular questioning as a self-reflective journaling practice. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 124-138). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Leinaweaver, J. (2012). On becoming a global human: CMM, international adoption, and the global burden of self. In C. Creede, B. Fisher-Yoshida & P. Gallegos (Eds.), The reflective, facilitative and interpretive practices of the Coordinated Management of Meaning: Making lives, making meaning (pp. 173-189). Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2013). Making change that matters: A story of social transformation and CMM. In S. Littlejohn and S. McNamee (Eds.), The Coordinated Management of Meaning: A festschrift in honor of W. Barnett Pearce (pp. 291-311) Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Pearce, W. B. (2009). Communication literacy and public participation. Unpublished manuscript.  https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/21_Communication-Literacy-and-Public-Participation.pdf

Pearce, W.B. (2002) Toward a national conversation about public issues. In W. F. Eadie & P. E. Nelson (Eds.), The changing conversation in America (pp.13-37). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/14_Toward-a-National-Conversation-About-Public-Issues.pdf

Penman, R. (2016). Embodying activism within the CMM ethos: A conversation starter for the 2016 CMMI Learning Exchange, October, Oracle, AZ.  https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Activism-CMM-ethos.pdf

Rossman, L. (2013). Using the Daisy Model to create alternative stories for gang-involved women. Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Communication Association, Washington, DC, November 21-24.

Sunddarajan, N. & Spano. S. (2004). CMM and the co-construction of domestic violence. Human Systems, 15, 45-58. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_SundarajanandSpano.pdf

Therapy

Barbetta, P. (2004). The name of the deceiver: Foucauldian readings on MCM (anagram of CMM). Human Systems, 15, 141-152. http://pearceassociates.com/essays/documents/documents/84954_Barbetta_000.pdf

Cronen, V. & Lang, P. (2011) Language and action: Wittgenstein and Dewey in the practice of therapy and consultation. Human Systems, 22(1), 271-313. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Language-in-Action.pdf

Schnitman, D. (2004) Generative instruments of CMM. Human Systems, 15, 153-164. Available at: https://cmminstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Schnitman.HumanSystems..pdf

CMM work in non-English publications

Written in Danish:

Haavimb, M. E. (2014). Kap. 2: CosmoKidz – Børns læring som drivkraft for kulturudvikling,”  In Gro Emmertsen Lund and Gitte Haslebo (Eds.), Kulturudvikling I skolen – hvordan? Dansk Psykologisk Forlag.

Haavimb, M. E. (2013). Hjernepuss – når øyeblikkene teller, Bookboon.com    https://bookboon.com/no/hjernepuss-naar-oeyeblikkene-teller-ebook .
(The title in English: Brain-brushing; when moments makes the difference)

Haslebo, G. & Lund, G. E. (2015). “Relationsutdvikling i skolen,” Dansk Psykologisk Forlag.  (Uses CMM as one of its foundational theories, without there being a specific chapter on it.)

Lund, G. E. (2015). Socialkonstruktionisme i organisationer – kort fortalt, CMM-teorien. Dansk Psykologisk Forlag, Specialtrykkeriet A/S, Kap. 4, pp. 57-81.

Pearce, W. B., Sostrin, J. & Pearce, K. (2011). Håndbog i CMM for konsulenter» (Forlaget Mindspace)

Pearce, W. B., Sostrin, J. & Pearce, K.  (2011). Arbejdsbog i CMM for konsulenter (Forlaget Mindspace)

Pearce, W. B. (2009). Kommunikation og skabelsen af Sociale verdener (Dansk Psykologisk Forlag).

Written in Norwegian:

Jensen, P. & Ullberg, I. (2011). “Mellom ordene. Kommunikasjon i profesjonell praksis,” Koordinert mestring av mening (KMM), Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, Kap. 10, pp. 176-188.

Written in English/ Published in Slovene language:

Haavimb, M.E. & Simonovic, I. (2010). “Pond at the edge” (Can be ordered by contacting mariteikaashaavimb@gmail.com)

Same book published in Slovene language (translated from English):

Ifigenija Simonovic and Marit Eikaas Haavimb (2012). “Jezerce na robu”, MIS zalosba.

Some early important works

Pearce, W.B. (1989). Communication and the human condition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Press.

Pearce, W.B. (1994). Interpersonal communication: Making social worlds.  NY: Harper Collins.

Pearce, W. B. & Cronen, V. (1980). Communication, action and meaning. Praeger.

Pearce, W.B. & Littlejohn, S. (1997). Moral conflict: when social worlds collide. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

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